Gaspra. Haraks. Scottish-Georgian architecture on Roman land

Sanatorium "Dnepr" and park "Haraks" located in the village of Gaspra, although clearly attributed them to a particular locality is problematic. This behavior is typical for most pivdennokrymskyh health resorts, which actually are autonomous settlements. So not only vacationers but also the local population often overlooked in health centers belonging to certain localities, and there is no need to - all this is a solid Resort - Big Yalta.

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Soviet buildings of the sanatorium

Among the resorts of Big Yalta "Dnepr" is not the greatest, but it is not an unknown name. At various times, and here rested Khrushchev Shcherbytsky Kravchuk and Kuchma, Peter and Dzerzhinsky, Kosir and Blucher, Tukhachevsky and cap, and Postyshev Paton. It spent almost the entire Ukrainian holiday-Soviet literary elite: Rila, Yanovsky, Ticino, Bazhan Le, Saussure, Punch, Golovko, Gonchar, Zagrebelny and others. In 1951, here treated Ostap Cherry, who was still in the 20s sang Crimea and some laughed at him. Now "Dnepr" - resort tax administration of Ukraine. On the territory admit anyone, but for 20 USD. (So ​​much is officially a ticket to the park and the beach). Yet here is fashionable restaurant "Romanovskaya kitchen." It occupies a former palace of the Romanovs.

According to the order Narkomzdrava USSR № 110 from August 8, 1922 was established resort "Haraks" which began the following year-round job. In 1955, the obscure name "Haraks" was changed to the clear, warm and familiar name of "Dnepr" (I know that living on the Crimea Dnipro water, but where does this resort?). And created a health resort in the former grand estate.

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Palace Haraks

Even in the II-III centuries there was a Roman fortress Haraks. She gave a location, next to Gaspra, which in 60 years of the 19th century bought the brother of Emperor Alexander and Mikhail Nikolayevich. 70 acres (70 hectares) near the sea, near the estate was already late royal father in Oreanda - good allotment.

Mikhail Nikolayevich Gasprinskyi estate divided between two sons George and Aleksandr. The latter inherited much of the substance (he called her Ai-Todor). Herhiy received a smaller portion, which he called Haraks.

The development project of the palace estate and engaged architect "vыsochaysheho court" Nikolai Krasnov. And here he had to show even considerable talent landscape architect, because the area was Haraks wild and semi-shrub woodlands. There was not even any water source.

Lack of water has slowed construction. Only in 1905 when the territory of the estates were found several small sources, and the Tatars rented a great source, construction began.

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The Palace was built in the Scottish mountain style with one floor of the mountains, and two or three - from the sea. By sea from the palace stairs led tail, and the sea opened a fabulous landscape teeth Ai-Petri on a red tiled roof of the palace.

Around the palace broke a beautiful park designed in the regular style. Exotic plants, winding aleyky and decorative structures formed the foundation of the park. One of the main park buildings were ancient colonnade-besidka moved here from the burnt palace in Oreanda. Prince wanted to emphasize this historical past of the Roman area.

George M. wanted to have in his summer residence is also the temple. He had also ordered Krasnov. Church was consecrated in 1908 in honor of St. Nina. Brought her on a hill above the palace in the Georgian-Byzantine style (like the temple in Oreanda). It seemed that she seemed to soar in the air.

The temple was decorated with carved stone ornaments and mosaics made ​​in the workshop Antonio Salviatti.

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Church of St. Nina in the early 20th and 21 centuries

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Old and new churches

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Overall architectural ensemble Haraks out one of the most original works Krasnov: villa-palace and church, built in two different "mountain" architectural styles, regular and beautiful park.

Sanatorium "Dnepr" - now is not the most respectable resort of Big Yalta, but not the worst. Soviet buildings with no signs of renovation, underwear that dries in the windows, dusty fountains without water ... but prices stay here all equally bite, it's former grand mansion with a deep history. And I do not doubt that the situation could quickly change. And perhaps in five years here for 20 USD. not fall.

Church of St. Nina stands on a hill outside the resort. Its as if they are prepared to restoration. Although not sure that this training will go in her favor: the temple attached to the new church building - a temporary temple to replace the old church, a modern dome does not like Georgian style - a kind of parody, something quite strange. I do not immediately recognize the house that he had seen in old photos. Well that although decor preserved (really noteworthy thing). For how long? Who knows. But Krasnovskii work and in such a mesmerizing. Hurry to see. Recommend.


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