Koreiz. Yusupivskyy Palace - the most mysterious in the Crimea


Yusupov Palace in Koreiz - the most mysterious palace and park complex of the Crimea. The whole period of its existence shrouded in secrecy, which he reveals today. One has only to recall the history of Yalta (Crimea) Conference 1945. On her tour guides always tell in Livadia and Alupka (Vorontsov) palaces - the most famous in the Crimea. Type the conference in the Livadia Palace lived Roosevelt, Churchill lived in Vorontsov, but where is the Soviet delegation was headed by Stalin? In Yusupovskomu Palace in Koreiz. It's quite far from Livadia and Alupka, but why is there not vozyat tour?

In this palace lived killer Hryshky Rasputin, a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad and the husband's niece Imperial Felix Yusupov. Two years of vacationing here another Felix - the bloody head of the Cheka - Dzerzhinsky. And in 1945 he lived in the palace chambers Molotov, and his immediate boss, Generalissimo Stalin, was asleep at this time deep in the basement of the palace, the iron tapchani vkryvshys overcoat. Is it not interesting to listen to excursionists? Of course, curious as to look at the wonderful work of genius Krasnov, the gorgeous park with a collection of lions, for fabulous views of the sea and the waves Ai-Petri. But no, apparently we are only slightly similar to Europe, in fact - orthodox and wild Inca empire in which there is rather big gains people can use the document.



Yusupov Palace


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Collection Yusupivskomu lions in the palace and park complex

Today Yusupov Palace - Regime object owned by the SBU. At the same time is surrounded by lofty walls "hotel call". See it can only hill-viewing platform, which is located near the village council in Koreiz. Or during the tour ... he is to tour the palace began to conduct. Once a week. Tickets can be purchased in Miskhor (in the park or in spa). Among all the Crimean palaces Yusupivskyy most expensive - 70-100 USD. by passage of the tour (2011). Independently of the territory you do not get, because there is no public access. It should also be noted that the tour is possible only in the absence of guests in the palace.

The first owner of a large estate in Princess Anne was Koreiz Syerhyeyevna Golitsyn, nee Vsyevolozhskaya. Daughter of the fabulously wealthy General, she was elderly married to Prince Ivan Golitsyn. Immediately after the wedding to Prince Anna gave the portfolio to the huge amount of money, "you money, my title." After that they are no longer seen.

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Finished "Holitsynskyy hotel"

Princess was a member of a secret religious society. After the prohibition of secret societies in 1822, it sent from St. Petersburg. Golitsyn went to the Crimean Tatars to baptize and to spread the Christian doctrine. His missionary mission she carried a small Tatar village which was called Koreiz. Here, on the rocks, she built a house and smashed the garden. Golitsyn led an ascetic life and strange, dressed in men's clothing, often went riding.

Since the Golitsyn estate now left in a bit. This is part of the park and the wine cellar, over which his time was a small building with two towers. This house is in a period of Ukrainian independence was constructed and transformed into a luxury hotel "on call" (for selected).

Dying childless princess bequeathed his estate of his friend's daughter, Baroness Kryudener Zhulyetti Berkheym and his sister Sophia Meshchersky. Subsequently the estate was owned Meshchersky daughter and her husband, brother, wife of Pushkin, Ivan Goncharov.

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Park

In 1867 a large estate in Koreiz Goncharov sold Imperial Adjutant General Felix Sumarokov-Elsonu. His son Felix married Zinaida Yusupova, who was the last of the family of Prince Yusupov. The Emperor allowed Sumarokov-Elsonu take the name and title of wife. In 1887 they had a son, again, Felix, who was not known representative of the Yusupov family.

Reed Yusupov was one of the richest in the empire. Princes themselves believed that he started from Abubekira Ben Rayoka, a descendant of the Prophet Ali, Muhammad's nephew. His descendants were great rulers of Egypt and Syria. One of them came from Arabia to the Azov and Caspian Sea and became Khan of the Nogai Horde.

Surname Yusupovi comes from Yusuf - biya (ruler) Nogai Horde. One of the great-grandchildren Yusuf - Abdul Mirza was baptized and took his name Yusupov-Knyazhevo, which later transformed into Yusupov. Quite interesting is the story of the baptism Abdul Mirza. One day he visited the Moscow Patriarch Joachim. At the time was fast, and Tatar ruler, unaware of Orthodox customs, Patriarch fed goose (which he took for the fish). Joachim praised the delicious fish and Tatar took and published a secret that they are not fish, and goose. The patriarch was angry and complained the king. The king was angry, too ... To reduce the anger of King Theodore Alyeksyeyevicha Mirza has promised to adopt the Orthodox faith, was baptized and took the name of Dmitry Yusupov-Knyazhevo. That same night he appeared Mara, who said that the betrayal of faith in future generations Yusupov is no more than one male heir in each knee, which would have lived more than 26 years. And oddly enough, weather this was delivered clearly. For example, the last representative of the genus, Felix Yusupov, Jr., had three brothers. Two of them died children, older brother - Nicholas was shot in a duel before they reach 26 years, several months.

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Wine cellars have been converted into the hopper. The last photo bedroom Stalin

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Top of Ai-Petri Yusupivskoho Park

Construction of the palace and park in Koreiz engaged Felix Yusupov, Sr.. His park was just saturated with various sculptures, especially there were many lions. Part of this collection is preserved to this day. Preserved and wine cellars, which in Soviet times turned into a bunker.

The Palace was reconstructed several times. Last reconstruction dates from the 1909-1914 biennium Then he reconstructed the famous architect Krasnov in neo-Romantic style with elements of Italian Renaissance. From the sea its asymmetric structure has two or three floors, from the mountains - one and two. Felix Yusupov Palace Jr. did not like. In his memoirs he wrote: "Ymenye in Koreiz it was bigger, We are pleased urodlyvыm stroenyem seroho from the stone, more than umestnыm in the city, something on the seashore." I allow myself to disagree with the killer of Rasputin, and you decide for yourself.

Felix Yusupov Jr. even was a strange man. As a child he suffered from sleep walking, and loved to dress in women's clothing. Last sin did not abandon him in adulthood. It is known that he sometimes disguised in a prostitute and walked the streets of St. Petersburg. Thus it is really perceived by the woman, because he had a fine condition and is similar to the female face (was very similar to its beauty-mother), and "shot", our clients ... Despite the strange perversion Yusupov still married. And not to anyone, and the niece of Emperor Nicholas II, Princess Irene Alyeksandrovni.


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Yusupivskyy Palace

Murder Yusupov favorite and adviser of the empress, Siberian "elder" Hryshky Rasputin - the history is very confusing. And I did not try to unravel it. To be honest, I have no respect nor Felix Yusupov Jr. nor zyryanyna-komyaka Rasputin (from do not understand how this can attempt to canonize - still wild country).

Yusupov family every summer in the Crimea came to rest. They lived in Kokkozah (modern Falcon) which had a cottage, but more often in the palace in Koreiz. It arranged a huge feast and celebration. Repeatedly in these holidays there were representatives of the royal family. It should be noted that Yusupov, in memory of the distant ancestors, celebrated, and all Muslim holidays. After the October Revolution of 1917 Yusupova has always lived in the Crimea. And in 1919 they emigrated abroad and never returned to Russia. The Palace was nationalized.

Since the early 20s Yusupivskyy palace belongs Cheka (Vsesoyuznoy chrezvыchaynoy Commission) as a state dacha number 4. In 1925 and 1926 years of vacationing here, Felix, but not Yusupov, and Iron-Dzerzhinsky. Wine cellars then was transformed into a bunker.


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Lobby (Hall)


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Stalin's Cabinet


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billiard room


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Royal, which played Molotov

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Bedrooms


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One of the bathrooms


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Dining room

Small, hidden in a thicket park, located far from the sea on a mountain terrace of the palace is like Stalin. And even with bunker. This is why he chose for his residence in early 1945, during the Crimean (Yalta) conference. In the rooms of the palace lived then Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov. Stalin also only worked in the palace, and lodged it in the bunker. Whether the big fear, whether from a desire to feel ascetic. Stalin's cabinet has survived, as well as the billiard room with projectors (withered Stalin did not play billiards, but he loved to watch the game and watch movies). Beautifully preserved bathrooms and bedrooms, living room and dining room. It is in this dining room vlashtovuvavsya festive dinner in honor of Roosevelt and Churchill.

Today the palace is divided into three rooms - "Stalin", "Molotov" and "Yusupov". In 21 of these rooms could see only the ruling elite of the USSR and Ukraine. In 2002 the mysterious veil slightly raised - sometimes the palace began to let excursions. With one of them I was lucky to get to this Krasnovskii masterpiece. Although he now belongs to the SBU, and if this "someone" is - on tour and dreams. To get on the tour, go to the lobby of therapeutic sanatorium "Miskhor" (this in addition to Miskhor Alupka road) - there is a tour desk that once a week to arrange visits Yusupivskoho palace. In Miskhorsky park is the layout of the other travel companies, but they cost more (they'll pay additional 30 USD. By bus, which proveze you some 700 meters).

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