Shtefanplatts and St. Stephen's Cathedral
Shtefanplatts and St. Stephen's Cathedral
Tourist first got to Vienna, first of all rushes to Shtefansplatts - St. Stephen's Square with its famous cathedral, after which it is named.St. Stephen's Cathedral (Shtefansdom) is a symbol of Vienna, and St. Stephen - the patron saint of the capital of Austria. Cathedral over 800 years old. Under the cathedral there are ancient catacombs - the burial place of the representatives of the Habsburg dynasty, its just a fascinating interior is beautiful, but its spire, set into the Turkish cannon ball, got into the church during the Turkish siege of the city in the XVI century. On the walls you can see Shtefansdoma measures of length, size and weight, which in the Middle Ages, when buying products tested, and its observation deck offers a magnificent view over the Danube and Vienna.
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Location of building Shtefansdoma was outside the Roman camp, which served in the medieval city walls, that is in the suburbs. Around the church there was a new cemetery, which until the XVIII century made graves. In 1732 on the orders of Emperor Charles VI cemetery was closed. Some of the tombstones can be seen on the walls of St. Stephen's Cathedral, there is access, and underground vaults. On the walls of the cathedral are many historical and other subjects, for example, measure the length of fabric and the size of a loaf of bread. Any medieval buyer could check on them his goods, and if detected fraud, the seller had bad: baker, for example, at any time of the year dipped in its own wicker basket in the Danube, and it often becomes the last bathing. If you're curious tourist, you will find "frayyung" - a ring which, if grasped, fled from persecution, even if it was a criminal who became untouchable.
Construction of the Cathedral of St. Stephen's lasted for several centuries, each of which has left its traces in his architecture.
The oldest, Romance of the cathedral - "Rizentor" and "Hayden-tyume." The name of the portal "Rizentor" - "a giant gate" - comes from a legend. When digging the soil at the base of the portal has been found a huge bone of a mammoth, died, probably at the time of the Flood. "Haydentyurme" - "pagan towers" - this portal crown, amounting to one with the gothic part of the cathedral. owes Cathedral Duke Rudolf IV Habsburg, who chooses to convert Shtefansdom in the Gothic style. South 136.7 meter high tower, which crowns lovingly called "Shtefl", was completed in 1433. northern part due to lack of funds remained unfinished. In 1579 at the height of 68.3 meters it capped a Renaissance dome.
Being next to the cathedral of St. Stephen, you certainly want to go inside, where you also will have a meeting with the perfect. The interior of the cathedral gives an idea of different styles and directions - a generation of artists worked on the decoration of Shtefansdoma. The central altar depicts the execution of St. Stephen, first Christian martyr. To the right of the entrance you will see a Gothic altar (1513), depicting the Madonna Petchskoy. The cult of the Virgin Mary is characteristic of the Catholic religion, and this Madonna is loved and honored especially - you can easily check this by visiting a Shtefansdome. Notable for its history - in 1697 on the orders of the Kaiser Madonna was brought here from Hungary, as a miracle attributed to her property exude tears. The real masterpiece is the pulpit, carved out of stone Pilgramom Anton (1514-1515). Railing staircase is decorated with images of frogs and lizards, which has a symbolic value: the toad - a symbol of darkness, lizards - light, therefore, the struggle between good and evil. In the upper part - four father of the Catholic Church, whose portraits are different psychological penetration. Master Pilgram, and immortalized himself - looking out the window.
In the "women's choir" is stored amazing beautiful Gothic altar (wood carving, painting), made in 1447. The altar bears the name of the city in which he previously was, - "Wiener Neustadt".
Another masterpiece - the tomb of Emperor Frederick III of red marble, decorated with figures of 240 (1513).
Of course, you will see the cathedral and much more, and admiring the handiwork of men, do not forget that this pride of Austria belongs to the whole world, and you do nobly, if you work mite on its content.
Shtefansdoma North Tower - home of "Pummerin" - Austria's largest bell (the weight of 21,383 kg, a diameter of 314 cm.) Cast in 1683 after the second Turkish invasion of the captured guns, he represented a symbol of freedom. In 1945, during a fire bell fell and crashed. One of the nine lands of the Republic, Upper Austria, has donated funds for a new "Pummerin," which in 1952, like Samson, Peterhof, was returned to its historic place.
The ringing of the bells can be heard on December 31. In the evening ("Silvester") crowds fill the square. The powerful rumble "Pummerin" spread throughout Vienna, then sounds an unofficial anthem of Austria - a waltz by Strauss, "On the Beautiful Blue Danube", and under the sounds of whirling couples are included in the New Year. Flying in the air tube from the bottle of champagne, fire colors of fireworks lit the sky, all around a good time. Vienna celebrates ...
Looking back centuries, you can load, down into the subway Shtefansplatts. When construction work was open chapel "Virgilkapelle", referring to the XIII century. Once she was in the cave of Mary Magdalene Church cemetery, demolished in 1871.
Shtefansplatts lives tireless and varied life, which is an integral part of fiacres - carriages drawn by horses. Vienna - one of the few cities in the world where the horse is still an equal participant in the movement. Its name must fiacres Church of St. Fiacre in Paris, a parking lot hired crews. Nice to make them walk and hear the story "fiakrschika" patriot and scholar of the city. Those who are especially interested in this Viennese landmark, a cab can visit the museum, located in the 17th district (Veronikogosse 12).
On the south side adjacent to the area Shtefansplatts "rod they Eisen" c one of the symbols of Vienna - the trunk of a tree with nails hammered into it, which gave the name of the area. With this symbol associated with many legends, one of which tells us that during the Middle Ages, each mechanic Journeyman, who came to Vienna, was to drive a nail into a tree - leave the "business card". The tree is built with nails in the wall "Ekitablpale", named after the American insurance company. You will not regret, if you enter a house where you'll be amazed architectural stairs and opens amazing views of the courtyard. Opposite this house - the introduction of a new time "Haaskhaus", designed by one of the most famous architects of Vienna Hans Hollaynom. In 1867 there was a house built for the firm "Philipp Haas & Sons", specializing in carpets, it was the first department store in Vienna. After a fire in 1945 the house was badly damaged and torn down, opening the space flight of architectural thought.
Aizen and his rod Haaskhaus
Today's "Haaskhaus" - a commercial paradise with expensive shops, cafes and restaurants, this mirror, which reflects the past.