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Birka

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 11 March 2012

Birka

The settlement is located on the island of Birka Bjerke Lake Mälaren, the distance from Stockholm to the island about 30 kilometers.

Birka was an important trade crossroads of the Vikings.

The ancient city was discovered in the excavations here have found more than 1,000 graves, which were also the treasures brought back from the military campaigns of the Vikings. Excavations were carried out as early as the 1800s and 1900s.

In 1871 the Swedish researcher Hjalmar Stolpe, found on the island Bjerke large number of imported amber, first suggested the existence here in the early Middle Ages an important trading center.

The first written evidence of the existence in the area of ​​the city dates back to 830-mi years.

Birk was a rich city, and led through the exchange of commodities merchants who came here from different countries. There were made of bronze, ornaments of metal, bone beads, coins were minted. Archaeologists found silver coins, pearls confirm the trade with Byzantium, China and Samarkand.

In 970's of residents fled the city, it may have been due to fire or su-elevation of the land, barred access to the sea.

The island operates Viking Museum.

Also of interest are the Viking Cemetery, Chapel of the Cross, and Ansgar.


Фото 1. Поселение Бирка. Окрестности Стокгольма, Швеция

Фото 2. Поселение Бирка. Окрестности Стокгольма, Швеция

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