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Museums and exhibitions and Paul Fortress

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 25 July 2011

Museums and exhibitions and Paul Fortress
Address: 197046, St. Petersburg, Peter and Paul Fortress, 3
Telephone: Information on exhibitions, fairs, working hours and ticket prices - (812) 230-03-29, 232-94-54
Working hours: The museum is open from October 1 to April 30, daily except Wednesday; exhibition is open from 11.00 to 18.00, on Tuesday to 17.00
last admission one hour before closing, and Paul Cathedral from 10.00 to 18.00, last admission 17.45, Tuesday 17.00, last admission 16.45, "Neva view" works seven days a week from 10.00 to 20.00, and casemate Poterna Sovereign bastion work seven days a week from 10.00 to 19.00, Tuesday 17.00

An excellent illustration of the history of the fortress is of the same name show. Here you can see the archaeological finds discovered in the fortress, plans and drawings of various buildings of the fortress, and maps of St. Petersburg, architectural graphics and prints, models those parts of the fortifications and buildings that are now lost.

Within the walls of the Museum space and missile technology can be seen these suits and flight suits of astronauts, the products in special packages designed specifically for use in space, the real lander spacecraft "Soyuz-16" rocket engine "East" and much more . The museum is located on the territory of Ioann Ravelin, right here in the 30s developed the first Soviet rocket. The museum interior design reproduced classrooms and workshops, exhibits unique documents and samples of missile technology, and portraits of scientists working for the benefit of the domestic space, and their development.

The exhibition "The Museum of Old Petersburg" can see things from the collections of the Museum of the same name that existed at the beginning of the XX century - photos, pictures, products of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, which shows views of St. Petersburg and the characteristic of the XIX century urban character types, and much more. One of the halls reproduced interior typical of the early XX century St. Petersburg apartment, furniture, clothing and household items at the time.

In the fortress there is a special museum for children, it's called "Street Time". Here you can see the layout of the pier with adhering to her craft and become familiar with the rules of trade that existed at the time of Peter, our hands on goods that were imported to St. Petersburg at the time and exported from it.

Close to the marina is the layout of an apartment house early XVIII century. In the windows of the house, as in the window, there are various objects discovered by archaeologists in St. Petersburg. The house is furnished with a dwelling of a foreign architect, who came to teach Russian architectural business and build the city. Inside you can see real objects end of XVII - beginning of XVIII centuries and their copies, and the wax figure of the working student.

In addition, the museum reproduced some conditions specific to Petersburg in mid XIX - early XX century institutions. Artist's studio, drawing a sign for the various commercial establishments, with sketches of signs and objects necessary for the artist (charcoal, chalk, paint, brushes). Needlework shop with all kinds of sewing accessories, mannequins, irons, sewing machines. Workplace St. Petersburg official, needed to work with objects and documents on the table and a suit hanging on the back of the chair. Flower shop.

Peter and Paul fortress began construction in May 1703, it began with her and St. Petersburg. The fortress was erected in a hurry, and was originally a purely military objectives. On Hare Island in the shortest possible time and increased bristled with hundreds of guns and other bastions derevozemlyanye fortifications ... But for its intended purpose as a fortress never in three hundred years of its existence and was not used, military action bypassed by her side. Her big guns rumbled after another victory of Russian arms, rendering praise of this. In parallel with the construction of the fortress itself, its territory was building the wooden church of Saints Peter and Paul. She was later turned into a stone Peter and Paul Cathedral.

Three years later, after the fort was rebuilt in its original form, has started its planned restructuring and calm in the stone, which lasted several decades. The old, derevozemlyanyh bastions, have grown new, stone, and St. John appeared Alexis ravelins and Kronverk.

After this began the gradual formation of the complex inner fortress. Engineers came home and the Commandant's house, guardhouse and arsenal, and other military buildings. Parallel to this were built and "peaceful" facilities. These include the building of the Main Pharmacy, outbuilding for storage of Peter's Little Boat, The Church house and archive the War Ministry. Most of these buildings were constructed in the mid-XIX to the beginning of the XX century.

Almost from its inception, Peter and Paul Fortress was chosen by the Mint, which was located initially in one of the bastions. At the beginning of the XIX century, he moved to a specially-built house for him, standing in front of Peter and Paul Cathedral. Later the building was erected the Main Treasury and the Depot of Standard Weights and Measures.

From the first quarter of XVIII century Peter and Paul Fortress begins to perform one more function - the function of political prison. As such, it has existed as much to the XX century.

The first visitors were able to get the fortress at the beginning of the XIX century, during the time of Alexander I. At the beginning of the XX century in the Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul began to be conducted tours of the imperial necropolis.

In 1954, Peter and Paul Fortress, with all buildings and structures was given to the State Museum of History of St. Petersburg. Soon moved here directorate of the museum, and with it many of its departments and collections. At the fortress constantly undergoing restoration since the early 70s there is an active exhibition activities.

History of St. Petersburg - Petrograd. 1830 - 1918. Peter and Paul Fortress Museum

The exhibition illustrates the culture and everyday life in the city in the XIX-XX centuries. Here you can see a huge model of a typical home in St. Petersburg "to cut" and closely examine its "insides" - accurately reproduced interior rooms and household items. In the same room, door plates exposed to the real end of XIX - early XX centuries, with names and apartment numbers of their inhabitants.

Several rooms are devoted to separate aspects of life in St. Petersburg. In the front hall of the St. Petersburg model exhibited his character - the Alexander Column. On the walls are hung with portraits of Russian emperors and members of the elite of St. Petersburg, paintings of various ceremonies, spiritual and secular. Exhibited in the Hall of lithographs illustrate different aspects of life in the streets of St. Petersburg, which took place on these emergencies, there is depicted theaters, churches and buildings of St. Petersburg.

The hall dedicated to water and rail routes of the city, exhibited models of locomotives and the court, typical for that time luggage and travel accessories. Acoustic background noise in a station creates the appropriate atmosphere exposure.

In close on the subject of the hall dedicated to urban transport Petersburg, you can see a real car "Benz Velo", which steers drivers wax model, the main means of transport, tickets and developed before the revolution subway project, which was never implemented.

A separate room is dedicated to the business to Petersburg. It reproduced the interior of the cabinet director of the bank. You can admire the safety deposit box, fully occupying one wall, a variety of retail equipment late XIX - early XX centuries (counting and typewriters, adding machines, etc.) and the shape of the head of the bank, seated at the table.

In close on the subject of the hall dedicated to the St. Petersburg Trade, available at most real store signs that period, wine and beer bottles, alas, already deprived of their contents, which once lapped at them, packing boxes and materials and even articulated figures merchants advertise their brisk product.

The hall dedicated to the fashion of the time, exposed to male and female costumes, shoes, hats, and boxes from under it all.

The hall dedicated to the kitchen of St. Petersburg, can be found on the mill coffee, cake pans, and other sorts of kitchen utensils. Food lovers will not be able to not drool recipes Jewish, Russian and German cuisine at that time.

Besides all the above, this exhibition you can see more great many interesting things - cameras and video equipment boundary XIX-XX centuries, the first film posters and even their own these movies, furniture, standing in St. Petersburg houses and other objects inside the environment (clocks, stained glass windows ), etc. All rooms are decorated by old phones, with which it is possible, and perhaps even necessary, pick up the phone to hear some amusing historical anecdote.

Улица времени", экспозиция Комендантского дома Петропавловской крепости. 


Выставка "Инквизиция и орудия пыток" в Петропавловской крепости.



Орудия наказания Средневековья" - из фондов Петропавловской крепости

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