In Salzburg, on the street Getreydegasse, at No. 9 is a house-museum of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It was here that he was born and lived the first 17 years of life, a brilliant Austrian composer. In later years he preferred to live in Vienna, but the first steps in music made right here in "the House, where Mozart was born."
It is this inscription crosses the yellow facade of the world-famous house, which attracts thousands of admirers of genius and tourists. In the 18th century house owned by businessman Johann Lorenz Hagenauer, and here in 1747, entered Leopold Mozart and his wife, and here were born, seven of their children. Unfortunately, only two survived - Maria Anna and Wolfgang Amadeus.
For 26 years, from 1747 to 1773, the family took Mozart is a small apartment on the third floor, consisting of kitchen, small office, studio, living room and bedroom. The first works of genius, the future appeared in these areas.
June 15, 1880 was opened a museum dedicated to the life and works of Mozart. Now the museum you can see the first master of the tools - clavichord, violin and viola, family portraits Mozart family letters, scores and other personal items. On the ground floor of the building works exhibition devoted to Salzburg, the times are displayed furniture and household items of ordinary citizens. The second floor holds temporary exhibitions devoted to the composer's life. On the third - you can see the exhibitions on topics "Mozart and the theater," where are dioramas telling the operas of Mozart, displayed the scenery, costumes and props for productions.
This Salzburg Palace is the most beautiful in Austria, and it is called "the palace of love." This palace was built at the initiative of the Salzburg Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raytenau and presented to the object of love of the priest - Viola Straw. Later she gave birth to the Archbishop of 15 children, 10 of whom survived, but the heirs were not. After the death of von Raytenau Straw drove from the palace of a relative of the priest, too, the archbishop, and gave the name of the castle Mirabell, to forget the shame of his cousin.
Since then, the Mirabell Palace became the residence of the high priests, and so continued for more than 200 years old. And each of them is attached to the lock an element, resulting in a magnificent architectural ensemble was born, which, unfortunately, did not spare element - at the beginning of the XIX century. Mirabell Palace was burnt down. The Habsburgs were sent to restore his own architect, and he created from scratch Castle, has come down to our days. From the original castle remained a unique wedding Marble Hall, a Gothic church and the main staircase.
Located next to the Palace Park, itself a landmark, which is called the Garden of Mirabell. The park offers two marble lions, which are entrusted to them are protected by a magnificent fountain, which opens the way to the Garden of curious dwarfs, a maze and an outdoor theater.