Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary (the original title of Basilica Mariä Geburt) is a beautiful house, which is located in the town of Mariazell, in Austria. Presented temple is world famous for the fact that there hnanitsya wooden figure of the Virgin, which is called «Magna Mater Austriae», which means Great Mother of Austria, pochetayut it as a national shrine.
This church is the honorary title of "minor basilica". Christmas is also the Basilica of the Virgin Mary is a Catholic pilgrimage site in Austria and architectural monument. The exact date of construction of the church represented in Mariazell is unknown, some historians believe that it was built in about the eighth century. It should be noted that the Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary was founded on the site of the chapel, which was built in 1157 monk Magnus.
The first mention of the church dates back to the year 1243, he was consecrated in 1266. In the seventeenth century the church was rebuilt, all the works were led by the Italian architect Domenico chassis. In 1907, the church was given the honorary status of "small basilica." It should be noted that the architecture of the Basilica of St. Mary Nativity combines baroque and Gothic features. The facade of the church is a unique composition of the central part with the Gothic bell tower and the main entrance at the bottom, which is characteristic of the Italian Baroque.
Before entering the church you can see several statues on the right statue of Vladislav III, and left the statue of Louis the Great. Central altar of the temple is a masterpiece of Baroque art, which created Fischer von Erlach. On both sides of the temple are very beautiful twelve side chapels with their altars.
The oldest part of this wonderful building is Chapel of Mercy, where and to the famous miraculous statue. This altar was made Augsburg masters, but has created a unique silver grille J. Wagner in 1750. In the treasury of the temple holds many works of religious art: the clergy vestments, tabernacles, and a very valuable painting. Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary is one of the main attractions of Austria.