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Odessa Archaeological Museum

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 13 November 2011

Odessa Archaeological Museum

4, st. Lanzheronovskaya
Odessa 65026, Ukraine
Tel.fax (0482) 1/22/71

e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

mode of operation: 10.00 to 17.00 (day off - Monday)

Odessa Archaeological Museum, one of the oldest in the country, was founded in 1825. Its development was promoted in 1839 Odessa Society of History and Antiquities, which had the right to carry out excavations in southern Russia.
Now the museum are more than 160 thousand exhibits, which are the largest collection of sources on the ancient history of the Northern Black Sea. In addition, here are a collection of monuments of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and Rome, coins and medals.
The best examples of ancient sculpture on display in the lobby of the building, specially built for the museum in 1883.
In the first two rooms are shown materials covering a vast period of time: from the appearance of man - to the second millennium BC Of particular interest are the finds from settlements and cemeteries cultures Gumelnitsa, Tripoli, Usatove, barrows and hoards of bronze.
In the first millennium BC on the northern shores of the Black Sea city was founded colonies, Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, Hersonissos. Evidence of flourishing ancient civilization Painted vessels, terracottas, sculptures, inscriptions, objects of artistic craftsmanship, which has a museum.
The culture of Scythian tribes living in this time in the steppes of the Black Sea, is represented by finds from settlements and graves, weapon items, bronze cauldrons and other utensils, ornaments.
By the beginning of the first millennium AD Scythians, Sarmatians pressed, and III-IV centuries. BC had the union of tribes, represented by objects Chernyakhovsk culture.
Since the mid first millennium begins the formation of the Slavic peoples, united in the IX. in the state with the center in Kiev. Neighbors of the Slavs at various times were the Khazars, Cumans, Pechenegs. Period IX-XIV centuries. contained in the materials from the settlements and cities of Kievan Rus, Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan island.
In the "Golden Treasury" of the museum genuine, unique pieces made from precious metals, the oldest of them belong to the beginning of the second millennium BC Attracted the attention of jewelry from the Scythian and Sarmatian burials, medieval burials of nomads, the product of Slavic craftsmen.
Of the 50 thousand coins deposited in the museum exhibits on display the most rare of gold and silver, produced in ancient Greece, Rome and Byzantium. In the Russian Numismatic coins are shown from the first - "zlatnik" Prince Vladimir and ending with the last kings of coinage and commemorative medals.
Collection of Egyptian antiquities - the third largest in the former Soviet Union. Here interest is wooden and stone sarcophagi, grave goods, stone slabs and fragments of papyrus with hieroglyphics.

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