Andropov Prospekt 39, metro "Kolomna"
As the ancient legend, the appearance of the village is connected Kolomenskoye
the tragic events of the XIII century.
In 1337, the city was besieged by a myriad of Kolomna horde of Batu Khan.
In a fierce battle was killed by the son of Genghis Khan, Kulkan for his death
Batu Khan ordered the polls to exterminate the entire population of the city, and that
Only a few defenders of Kolomna, managed to escape.
They sailed at night on the Moscow River, and the day hiding in the bushes.
Thus, for the month reached Moscow.
Defenders of Kolomna afraid to go home and founded the village of
near Moscow, the name of the village was wiped out to be called
For the first time the village of "Kolomna" is mentioned in 1336, and 1339's. the spiritual
literacy (the will) of the Great Moscow Prince Ivan Danilovich Kalita:
"And behold I give unto his son, Andrew am ... Kolomninskoe village,
Nagatinskaya village ... "
In the second half of the XVI century, belonged to Prince Kolomenskoye
Vladimir Andreevich Serpukhovskoy, grandson of Ivan Kalita, associate of
Dmitry Donskoy in the struggle against the Tatar-Mongol yoke.
It was here in the village for the prince, was scheduled to meet
Troops returning from the field of Kulikova.
According to legend, Prince Dmitry Donskoy and Vladimir of Serpukhov
built the first temple in Kolomna, dedicated to St. George.
After the death of Vladimir Andreevich Kolomenskoye village passed to the
Moscow princes, who paid great importance to strengthening and
protect its southern borders.
This period is the oldest surviving architectural
Kolomna sites - the Church of the Ascension.
First mentioned in 1532
The temple was erected to commemorate the birth of Prince Vasily III of the heir
Ivan, the future of the first Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
From the village of Kolomenskoye related story oprichnina.
December 3, 1565 Tsar Ivan the Terrible and his family went on a pilgrimage to
Arriving in Kolomna, because of the "besputya" He stood there for two weeks,
after bypassing Moscow, went to the Alexander village, where
message sent to Moscow, accusing the boyars and clergy remaining in the
City of treason, and put them on his disgrace.
These events marked the beginning of the oprichnina.
In the XVII century history is also closely connected Kolomna with the history of Moscow:
in the summer of 1605 before joining the Moscow stopped here
False Dmitry I;
in October 1606 in Kolomna a detachment of the peasant
Army Ivan Bolotnikov Solzhenitsyn;
in 1612, stood there for a while troops False Dmitry II.
In the XVI century, after the liberation of Moscow from Polish invaders Estate
Kolomna is the grand grand residence.
By this time George's bell tower, built
next to the Church of the Ascension,
Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist in Djakova erected
in connection with the coronation of Ivan the Terrible to the throne in 1547
In the XVII century under Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Kolomna is
a favorite summer residence, but due to construction in 1668
by Aleksei Mikhailovich wooden palace, converted into
a kind of "near Moscow Kremlin."
They built a wooden palace, called by contemporaries "the eighth wonder
Light, "the best master craftsmen.
The work led strelets head Ivan Mihailov and carpenter
Elder Simeon Petrov.
The palace was a wooden structure consisting of
many choir - buildings, connected by a vestibule and passages.
In the palace there were 27 palaces, including the king's tower,
tower princes, queens and princesses towers and some towers reaching
37 meters in height.
In Kolomna spent his childhood and teenage years of Peter I.
The village is mentioned repeatedly in the power struggle between Peter and
In the 80s of the XVII century Kolomna is one of the places
formation of the regular Russian army near the village
amusing battles took place orders, of which were formed
Transfiguration and the Semenov regiment army of Peter I.
The park museum on the banks of the Moskva River are four cast-iron cannon
According to legend, they were in the Battle of Poltava, and then were transferred
in Kolomna and installed in front of the palace.
Caring about the safety of his father's palace, Peter ordered to raise
old mansion on stone foundations.
After moving the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg comes Kolomenskoye
Empress Catherine II, who came to the house in October 1762,
ordered to begin preparing repair wooden dvotsa, but
Palace came to such a state that was cheaper to build a new one.
The new palace for the Empress Catherine was built in 1766-1767 years.
north of the Church of the Ascension, and the old dismantled.
Catherine Palace was heavily damaged of the French troops and downtime
disassembled to 1816.
The second half of XVIII century - the time of extinction of life at court in
In 1878, there were dismantled last palace built by
Alexander I in 1825 by architect ED Turin.
In 1923, in Kolomna museum was created and began restoration
Monuments of Kolomna efforts honored
Artist of the RSFSR, the first director of the museum PD Baranovsky.
Baranowski spent restoring monuments estate, as well as
were brought here that could have been saved from the destroyed churches,
monasteries, the mansions of perishing in a unique museum
Old architecture in the open.