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Zolochiv Castle

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Posted on 20 November 2011

Last Updated 20 November 2011

Zolochiv Castle
Attractions - Castles of Lviv


Things to Do in Lviv, but landmarks of the city, and include locks, located in the Lviv region. Lviv Region is rich in castles, one of which is Zolochiv castle. Using the book "Guide Lviv" or site "guide in Lviv", you can get an idea of ​​the place where we wanted to go.

Obviously, the site Zolochiv strongholds formerly stood an ancient fortress, which was burned by the Tartars. The city is located on the former Zolochiv important trade route, which united with the East 3apad and South Europe. The first mention of 3olocheve dated 1442 year.

Magdeburg Law city received March 15, 1523. At that time there existed a large Armenian community. In 1532 Stanislav Seninsky Zolochev owner sold it to Andrew Gurko, Poznan castellan.

Then the town and fortress Zolochiv went to Jakub Sobieski. The latter began to actively improve the castle's defense system, in particular, has strengthened its four bastions. The length of each of the defensive wall was more than 100 m and reached 11 m in height. Moat surrounding the castle Zolochevsky, not filled with water, but had a decent depth, and in his bed were driven stakes. Shafts before the walls have arranged so that in case of enemy attack cannon balls fell into the earth mounds, without damaging the tile walls.


In XVII century the castle was known for his Zolochevsky level of comfort. There were a few cutting-edge water closet at a time (compared to the current museum is only one!). In a separate room was the door to the secret passage connecting the office and King's treasury. It is believed that this could be the so-called "long ear" - a system by which managed to listen to conversations workers on the ground floor. From the office of King is another secret passage led to the ramparts. At any time of the King, not known for his servants, to leave the zamok.V 1672 Zolochiv castle destroyed the Turkish army, and after his return to the same Polish state prisoners Turks rebuilt the structure. After the death of John III in the castle Zolochinskliy sometimes lived Prince Jacob (d. 1737). 3atem lock together with other estates became the property of the family Radziwill, and eventually fell into disrepair. In 1802, the purchased 3olochev landlords Komarnicki, adapting the building for residential purposes. In 1840 the owners sold the castle Austrian government under the military barracks. From 1872, there was also organized a prison. Black times have come in 1939 when the Soviet government held a torture chamber in the palace of the NKVD. By June 1941, "tips" are tortured about 700 people. Tells about one of the museum.

Another attraction of the castle are two huge stone, found near the city, outside the village Novoselki. One of them wrote out in Gothic letters. On the other - two intertwined wreath "dead» u «live». At the intersection with the unknown to an opening. There have been numerous attempts to explain the origin and destination of stones, but the final version still does not.

 

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