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City of Helsinki: general information

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 03 March 2012


Built on the peninsulas and islands of the Baltic shoreline, Helsinki is a maritime city. Streets curve around bays, bridges connect the islands, and ferries communicate with the remote islands.Helsinki, smelling of the sea and in ports is constant noise from incoming and outgoing ships. The capital of Finland covers an area of ​​1140 square kilometers and comprises 315 islands, at least 30% of the city set aside for parks and open spaces. However, most of the sights of Helsinki is concentrated within one of the peninsula.

In the 16th century Swedish king Gustav Vasa, who reigned then, and Finland, decided to move the center of trade from the Estonian Tallinn into a new city, which he planned to build in the Vantaa River Delta. It appeared in Helsinki. It was founded on June 12, 1550 a group of Finns who have moved here by order of the king.

In the next three centuries, Turku, a city on the west coast of Finland, was a political and intellectual center of the country. Helsinki began to occupy the leading position only when Sweden lost Finland to Russia in 1809. Tsar Alexander I turned Finland into an autonomous Grand Duchy, and declared it the capital of Helsinki in 1812. Around the same time, Turku burned down, and the university was forced to move to Helsinki. Since then, a Helsinki entrenched role of the first cities in Finland.

Shortly before the declaration of King destroyed by fire in Helsinki, many traditional wooden buildings, and it became necessary to build a new urban center. Carl Ludwig Engel, an architect with German roots, was charged with this project. It is thanks to him today in Helsinki has excellent neoclassical architecture. Add to this the great outlines of buildings in the Art Nouveau or Yugendshtilya ("young style» - Jugendstil), the period of the early 20th century and modern buildings on the project of Finnish architect, and you'll get one of the most attractive European cities.

Today Helsinki - not only the legal capital of the country, but also the center of intellectual, cultural and scientific life in Finland. The city is concentrating much of the leading enterprises and companies of the country and is located in the fork of transport networks in Finland, but despite this, Helsinki - a relatively unpolluted city.

In Helsinki, there are several excellent museums, beautiful churches, parks, opera, historic sites, among which are the sea fortress Suomenlinna. You can also enjoy the Finnish cuisine, which offers a wide variety of dishes from fish and venison. The city is strongly changes its appearance depending on the season, he gets a special attraction in the summer.

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