1. Skip to Menu
  2. Skip to Content
  3. Skip to Footer>

City of Helsinki: general information

PDF Print Email

Written by Administrator

Posted on 03 March 2012

Built on the peninsulas and islands of the Baltic shoreline, Helsinki is a maritime city. Streets curve around bays, bridges connect the islands, and ferries communicate with the remote islands.Helsinki, smelling of the sea and in ports is constant noise from incoming and outgoing ships. The capital of Finland covers an area of ​​1140 square kilometers and comprises 315 islands, at least 30% of the city set aside for parks and open spaces. However, most of the sights of Helsinki is concentrated within one of the peninsula.

In the 16th century Swedish king Gustav Vasa, who reigned then, and Finland, decided to move the center of trade from the Estonian Tallinn into a new city, which he planned to build in the Vantaa River Delta. It appeared in Helsinki. It was founded on June 12, 1550 a group of Finns who have moved here by order of the king.

In the next three centuries, Turku, a city on the west coast of Finland, was a political and intellectual center of the country. Helsinki began to occupy the leading position only when Sweden lost Finland to Russia in 1809. Tsar Alexander I turned Finland into an autonomous Grand Duchy, and declared it the capital of Helsinki in 1812. Around the same time, Turku burned down, and the university was forced to move to Helsinki. Since then, a Helsinki entrenched role of the first cities in Finland.

Shortly before the declaration of King destroyed by fire in Helsinki, many traditional wooden buildings, and it became necessary to build a new urban center. Carl Ludwig Engel, an architect with German roots, was charged with this project. It is thanks to him today in Helsinki has excellent neoclassical architecture. Add to this the great outlines of buildings in the Art Nouveau or Yugendshtilya ("young style» - Jugendstil), the period of the early 20th century and modern buildings on the project of Finnish architect, and you'll get one of the most attractive European cities.

Today Helsinki - not only the legal capital of the country, but also the center of intellectual, cultural and scientific life in Finland. The city is concentrating much of the leading enterprises and companies of the country and is located in the fork of transport networks in Finland, but despite this, Helsinki - a relatively unpolluted city.

In Helsinki, there are several excellent museums, beautiful churches, parks, opera, historic sites, among which are the sea fortress Suomenlinna. You can also enjoy the Finnish cuisine, which offers a wide variety of dishes from fish and venison. The city is strongly changes its appearance depending on the season, he gets a special attraction in the summer.

Finland - Helsinki

Site Navigator

  1. Home
  2. Finland
  3. Helsinki
  4. City of Helsinki: general information
Crimea region
East Ukraine
United Kingdom
Billund (LegoLand)
Other recreational
Other cities info
North of Sweden
East Coast and Islands
West Coast
Am Hof ​​Square
Shtefanplatts and St. Stephen's Cathedral
Boulevard Ring
Graben and Kertner Strass
Belvedere and Karlskyrhe
Schönbrunn Palace
Parks of Vienna
Theaters and museums in Vienna
Vienna Arsenal
The history of Hallstatt
Abbey of St. Peter
Mirabell Palace
Palace Helbrunn
Mozart's House Museum
Salzburg Cathedral
Dwelling house of Mozart
Salzburger Museum
Museum of Contemporary Art
The zoo
Castle Mauterndorf
Cave Eisriesenwelt
Old Town of Salzburg
Castle Schlossberg
Graz Cathedral
Burgh Castle
Church of St. Leonard
Mausoleum in Graz
Franciscan Church
Alpine Zoo
Ambras Castle
Golden Roof
Cathedral of St. James
Tyrolean Museum
Triumphal Arch in Innsbruck
Museum "Swarovski Crystal Worlds"
Vilten basil
The Hofburg Imperial Palace
Old Cathedral in Linz
Castle of Linz
New Cathedral in Linz
Bad Ischl
Villa Lehar
Imperial Villa
Esterhazy Castle
Benedictine Monastery
Castle Hartheim
Hochosterwitz Castle
Castle Hohenwerfen
Liechtenstein Castle
Bernstein castle
Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Semmering Railway
Most beautiful and famous castles in Austria
Castle Tratzberg
Castle Artshtetten
Castle Riegersburg
Fortress Forhtenshtayn
Botanic Gardens
National Wine Centre of Australia
Art Gallery of South Australia
Adelaide Zoo
South Australian Museum
Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute
Shark Bay
Monkey Mia
Alice Springs
Olive Pink Botanic Garden
Gallery Gondwana
Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve
Henbury Meteorites Conservation Reserve
Royal Flying Doctor Service
Aboriginal Australia Culture Center
The Central Australian Aviation Museum
The Museum of Central Australia
Watarrka National Park and King’s Canyon
National Pioneer Women’s Hall of Fame
Finke Gorge National Park
The Alice Springs Desert Park
Alice Springs Telegraph Station Historical Reserve
Araluen Centre for Arts and Entertainment
The Alice Springs Reptile Center
Discover Sydney
The Australian Museum
The Australian Reptile Park
Sydney Tower
Chinese Garden of Friendship
Sydney Observatory
IMAX Theatre
IMAX Theatre
St Mary's Cathedral
The Hunter Valley
Other countries

Free ads


Free ads in USA

News of our site

Lapland: an overview
Lapland: an overview
Lapland: an overview    Finnish Lapland is more than one third the total area of ​​Finland. Known to the world the edge of midnight sun, reindeer and traditional Suomi consistently attracts tourists ...
Read More 4559 0

National Historical and Architectural Reserve "Kamenetz"
 	 National Historical and Architectural Reserve
National Historical and Architectural Reserve "Kamenetz" Annals ascribes building stone fortress Lithuanian princes Koryatovicha who ruled the Principality in 60-90s XIV century. The high rocky coast, the canyon, ...
Read More 2450 0

The State Museum of Russian Political History
The State Museum of Russian Political History
The State Museum of Russian Political HistoryAddress: 197046, St. Petersburg, ul. Kuibyshev on 04/02Phone: For information and pre-orders - (812) 233-70-52, Marketing - (812) 233-76-56Working hours: daily from 10:00 to 18:00 ...
Read More 2294 0

Kronhuset, GOTEBORG
Kronhuset, GOTEBORG
GOTEBORG Kronhuset  Crown House (Kronhuset) This majestic building is located on the north-west of Gothenburg and was built between 1643 and 1655 year. It is the oldest building in the city, once served as a ...
Read More 2861 0

Leksands Kulturhus
Leksands Kulturhus
LEKSANDLeksands Kulturhus  Museum of Culture (Leksands Kulturhus) The museum houses a primitivist paintings ages 17-19, as well as collections of art, folk costumes and accessories. Undergo permanent and temporary ...
Read More 1814 0