First, Windsor was a small town with 14,000 inhabitants, located on the right bank of the Thames. Its name comes from the word wyndleshora, which means "winding shore".
History of Windsor Castle has its roots in the distant past, it started 900 years ago - in the XI century during the reign of William the Conqueror. In order to control the western road to London, he built a wooden fortress on a hill high above the Thames. In the following centuries the castle was rebuilt in stone. Further transformations occurred in the construction XIII-XIV centuries by King Edward III, who was born in this castle. In the years 1660-1685 when Charles II of Windsor Castle has been subjected to thorough repair. Its present appearance is the result mainly castle, Sir Geoffrey Uaytvillu - architect who at the beginning of the XIX century castle reconstructed by order of King George IV.
The King wished the castle looked like a medieval stronghold, which embodies the grandeur and power of the monarch's power - and his desire has been successfully implemented. Today, Windsor Castle is open to all comers, it assembled the world's masterpieces of fine art, antique armor, the interiors of past centuries. In 1992, the castle caught fire, but over the next five years, all the fire damaged premises have been fully restored British restorers. Currently, Windsor Castle is the main private (summer), the residence of the queen. When members of the dynasty of Windsor are in the castle, visitors were not allowed there, but on other days of access to most of the territory is open.
As part of trip you have a unique opportunity to not only see but also to visit this beautiful palace, to visit the royal apartments and the chapel of St. George's - where are buried many of the English kings, including Henry XIII and George VI, the public reception room apartment, decorated with magnificent tapestries and works of Van Dyck, Rembrandt and other famous artists, see the memorial to Prince Albert, see dollhouse Queen Mary, an exhibition of royal dishes and more.
Windsor Castle is open daily all year except 25, 26 and 31 December, 1 January and 16 February, on April 21, May 23, June 19. The castle can also be closed during royal receptions.
The famous university town. University of Cambridge for eight centuries, is considered the standard of quality among all the existing institutions of higher education.
According to historians, the earliest written mention of this city belongs to the 730. But it is possible that it existed before. Initially, in the so-called Castle Hill, located now near the center of town, there was a small Roman settlement. The settlement was quite significant commercial port, as the main navigation point on the river Grant, as well as the most convenient place for her crossing.
The Celtic name of the river Rea is still preserved on some maps as "Who or Pu river." Since over time the name of the river changed, changed the name of the city. Thus, Grantbridzh turned to Cambridge. Presumably in the early xiii century, some schools that existed in the city, together, founded a local university.
Documents showing the exact date of formation of the University of Cambridge, does not exist. But there is evidence that in 1209 he had already acted.
Cambridge - is, first of all, the University, but do not forget that he's a city. Its population is 110 400.
And although most of its attractions are concentrated still in college at the University, the city itself is not deprived of attractions. Cambridge Museum of Classical Archaeology is famous for one of the world's largest collections of Greek and Roman statues. In an era of Victorian townspeople called it his "archaeological laboratory." Collection of the Zoological Museum began to take shape as early as 1814, many of the exhibits were collected and donated to the museum by Charles Darwin. Museum of the History of Science contains a unique collection of scientific instruments and models from the Middle Ages to the present day.
Fittsvilyam museum is rich in artistic masterpieces of Western painting (xii - xx cc.) Its antique collection, as well as collections of ancient samples of ceramics, glass, coins and medals. Church of Cambridge have long and rich history, because some of them have been erected here long before on campus has seen first chapel. The glory of this city is so great that today the name of Cambridge are about 30 localities around the world.