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Livadia Palace Museum

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 10 July 2011

Livadia Palace Museum

Livadia - a picturesque corner of the south coast, the fate of which absorbed the turning points of history. The palace was built in 1910-1911 was in the tradition of the Italian Renaissance with Gothic elements ...

Livadia Palace - former summer residence of Nicholas II. In addition to the main building complex includes a count's palace and church. The palace was built in 1910-1911 was in the tradition of the Italian Renaissance with Gothic elements. The Palace is surrounded by a large park - one of the best on the South coast.



Livadia - a picturesque corner of the south coast, the fate of which absorbed the turning points of history.


The summer residence of last Russian tsar. The first sanatorium for peasants in 20 years. At the end of World War II - a meeting place for leaders of the three Allied powers - the USSR, the USA and Britain, which decided the question the Second World War and the postwar peace.

State giving the head of the Soviet state I. Stalin in the early postwar years.



Livadia Palace was designed by architect Yalta Ya.P. Krasnov (1864-1946), who received for the construction of this palace and several other buildings on the southern coast of Crimea title of academician of Russian architecture

Construction lasted from April 1910 to September 1911 - 17 months. A house sustained mostly in Renaissance style with Byzantine motifs include (the church), Arabic (patio), Gothic (well with a chimera) architecture. A variety of architectural styles - a kind of craze early XX century vykorysna and in the interior of the palace.



Special rozkishnist and solemnity characteristic of lobby finishes and White Hall. The front of the palace reception room with dark walnut hall reminiscent of the Doge's Palace in five hundred in Venice. Polished mahogany with bronze strips used in the interior cabinet. Elements of English architecture of the 16th century (Tudor style) - in the design of the former billiard room. Elegant interiors of the second floor, designed in the style of "modern".


The only solution to all artistic elements of the decor of each room, the art of working out the details, lets talk about the great skill of performers and talent of the architect.



At the end of World War II Livadia was elected as a meeting place for heads of three anti-Hitler coalition allied powers - the USSR, the USA and UK. The conference was held in the White hall of the palace from 4 to 11 February 1945. Participants identified the joint action of the Union in the closing stages of the war, outlined the basic principles of general policy with regard to postwar world and adopted the "Declaration on liberated Europe." They discussed the creation of a new international organization to address the fundamental problems of peace-the United Nations.



In the 20 years after the nationalization of the palace was open museum "life the last of the Romanov dynasty" (16 July 1922).



In May 1925 the decision of People's Commissars of the USSR, in fulfillment of Lenin's decree "On the use of the Crimea for treatment of workers" in the Livadia Palace was opened resort, but "to preserve the artistic wealth that is in large and small palaces Livadiyskyi to the Museum Life revolutionary era "were attached to the People's Commissariat" 8 rooms on the 2nd floor of the Great Livadia Palace ...».



Liquidation museum was in 1927 under orders Krymnarkomosvity.



From 1925 to 1974, including the period of use of the palace under the state giving IV Stalin (from 1946 to 1953) - the house was one of the sanatorium. In 1974, the decision of the All and the Central Council of Trade Unions Resort Management Livadia Palace was opened to visitors from 2 departments - historical memorial and exhibition.



Uniqueness, historical and cultural significance of the Livadia Palace, the organization, conduct and acceptance of international conferences, symposia, seminars, festivals, etc. suggest that the Livadia Palace Museum - hromadskoi recognized cultural center in the Crimea for holding the largest peace-keeping actions, important cultural and political events at high state level



Taking visitors and tourists from many cities in the world, Livadia Palace Museum is considered one of the most popular in the Crimea, Ukraine.

Ukraine - Crimea region

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