1. Skip to Menu
  2. Skip to Content
  3. Skip to Footer>

Khan Palace

PDF Print Email

Written by Administrator

Posted on 01 April 2011

Last Updated 01 April 2011


Bakhchisarai palace was not the only khan's residence. In Crimea, there were five so-called Small Khan's palace - an old palace Devlet-Saray palace Ulakly-Saray, Saray Alma, Kacha-Saray, Saray Syuyren. However, it was the country villas Khan's family, and the main seat of the Crimean rulers have always remained Bakhchisarai.

During the two and a half centuries, which served as the residence Hansaray head of the Crimean state, its appearance has changed considerably. Difficult to precisely restore the sequence of changes that eventually led to the folding of our familiar image of the current Khansari.20 Almost every new governor at the Palace there were new buildings, make repairs. Crimean khans put a monument for the ages in the form of palace buildings, several of which can be seen in Bakhchisarai today.

We have already talked about Sahib I Giray, a monument that serves as the Bakhchisarai. When Devlet I Giray (or later) at the Palais des rose first khan dyurbe at Islyamov III Gera - the second dyurbe and assembly hall, with Bahadir I Giray - one more room for formal receptions. Kaplan I Giray memorialized currently in the construction of the Golden Fountain.21 Selyamet II Giray elevated pavilion, named after him. His name is imprinted on many buildings of the Palace (in particular, Big Khan Mosque) restored them after the fire that almost destroyed the palace during the Russian invasion. Arslan Giray built next to the Khan Mosque madrassa. Crimea Garay erected a fine dyurbe Dilara-bikech, "Fountain of Tears" and the richly decorated interior rooms of the Palace. How to say the Turkish traveler 17. "Each building is built by someone from padishahs (ie Khans). Khan Palace - the real kind of chronicle of Hera, many of whom contributed to its grandeur.

Palace in the first half of 17 century.

Over time, changing the architectural and ornamental styles: lucid patterns murals 17. Depicting bunches of grapes and slabs of marble, were replaced by elegant floral compositions in the style of "Crimean Rococo, to replace the solemn echoing halls of the 16 th century in the 18 century, the Palace began to build a light kiosk construction. The list goes on: careful study of the art history of the Palace can give a pretty clear cut alternation of styles in the Crimean Tatar architecture.

Last Crimean khan Şahin Giray, went down in history as a great adventurer, killing as a result of their own country, had the intention to move the Crimean capital of Bakhchisarai in Kef (now Feodosia). He even began building a new residence - but lost power in 1783, did not have time to implement his plan.

In the imperial period palace is managed by the Interior Ministry. Here resided police officer, with the permission of the governor allowed the important guests to inspect the former residence of the khan. Occasionally visited the Palace of the emperors and members of the royal family - of course, that's the reason the object was "secure" and access to it was open not for everyone. An exception was made during the Crimean War, 1854-55, when the hospital was placed here.

After the February Revolution found many willing to assign a unique monument - but, fortunately, there were people (artist Useinov Bodaninsky), who managed to persuade the interim government to organize a museum. Thanks Bodaninskomu Palace since then and today is a museum institution.

That image, which Hansaray has now, in general formed in 18. When the ornamental art of building and the Crimean Khanate reached heights of excellence.22

Palace - a rare and magnificent monument of architectural art, but today we face a shadow of its former greatness. Fire, arranged without any military need to break into the royal Bakhchisaraj Field Marshal Munnich in 1736, has not brought such harm to the Palace as a "restoration" of 19 century. Wounds minihovskogo rout were quickly healed Selyametom Hera II and other Khans, quickly returned the Palace of his former appearance, and even make it more modern. However, numerous repairs that occurred after the Russian annexation of Crimea in 1783 that brought a little palace, except the damage.

Bakhchisarai in the first half of 19.

The history of these repairs began in 1787, when the palace was prepared for the arrival of Bakhchisarai Catherine II. As a rule, and in the future, such work coincided with the preparation of the Palace to receive next crowned guest. Most often, repairs were carried out with random people, but when it undertook for professionals - they have little interest in the traditions of local architecture, going to the repair of the Palace of the standard yardstick. As a result, the inner chambers Khansari remade with "European" mode in the worst case of the provincial bad taste, inimitable painting of court artists zamalevyvalis fantasies who took up his brush retired non-commissioned officers (these "artists" have been cheaper just to hire), and old buildings, instead of repair, simply communicated . For example, in the 1820-ies. Architect Kolodin destroyed 3 of 4 buildings harem, the Winter Palace, a vast leisure complex and many other valuable buildings.

Kings angry at the distortion of the exotic appearance of the palace, the auditors found flaws in the estimates - but to help crippled the monument is, of course, no longer could. In the same spirit of artisans worked on the restoration until 1930. Suffice it to say that over the past two centuries, the area of ​​the palace complex was reduced from 18 to 4 ha.

Scientifically-based restoration began only in 1960. - And thanks to her general view Khansari today is much closer to the original than it was 20-30 years ago. In 2003, the Palace has launched a new series of repair and restoration work, manufacturers are under strict scientific control trying bit by bit to restore the original and unique look of the original Khan's residence.

Ukraine - Crimea region

Site Navigator

  1. Home
  2. Ukraine
  3. Crimea region
  4. Khan Palace
Crimea region
East Ukraine
United Kingdom
Billund (LegoLand)
Other recreational
Other cities info
North of Sweden
East Coast and Islands
West Coast
Am Hof ​​Square
Shtefanplatts and St. Stephen's Cathedral
Boulevard Ring
Graben and Kertner Strass
Belvedere and Karlskyrhe
Schönbrunn Palace
Parks of Vienna
Theaters and museums in Vienna
Vienna Arsenal
The history of Hallstatt
Abbey of St. Peter
Mirabell Palace
Palace Helbrunn
Mozart's House Museum
Salzburg Cathedral
Dwelling house of Mozart
Salzburger Museum
Museum of Contemporary Art
The zoo
Castle Mauterndorf
Cave Eisriesenwelt
Old Town of Salzburg
Castle Schlossberg
Graz Cathedral
Burgh Castle
Church of St. Leonard
Mausoleum in Graz
Franciscan Church
Alpine Zoo
Ambras Castle
Golden Roof
Cathedral of St. James
Tyrolean Museum
Triumphal Arch in Innsbruck
Museum "Swarovski Crystal Worlds"
Vilten basil
The Hofburg Imperial Palace
Old Cathedral in Linz
Castle of Linz
New Cathedral in Linz
Bad Ischl
Villa Lehar
Imperial Villa
Esterhazy Castle
Benedictine Monastery
Castle Hartheim
Hochosterwitz Castle
Castle Hohenwerfen
Liechtenstein Castle
Bernstein castle
Basilica of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Semmering Railway
Most beautiful and famous castles in Austria
Castle Tratzberg
Castle Artshtetten
Castle Riegersburg
Fortress Forhtenshtayn
Botanic Gardens
National Wine Centre of Australia
Art Gallery of South Australia
Adelaide Zoo
South Australian Museum
Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute
Shark Bay
Monkey Mia
Alice Springs
Olive Pink Botanic Garden
Gallery Gondwana
Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve
Henbury Meteorites Conservation Reserve
Royal Flying Doctor Service
Aboriginal Australia Culture Center
The Central Australian Aviation Museum
The Museum of Central Australia
Watarrka National Park and King’s Canyon
National Pioneer Women’s Hall of Fame
Finke Gorge National Park
The Alice Springs Desert Park
Alice Springs Telegraph Station Historical Reserve
Araluen Centre for Arts and Entertainment
The Alice Springs Reptile Center
Discover Sydney
The Australian Museum
The Australian Reptile Park
Sydney Tower
Chinese Garden of Friendship
Sydney Observatory
IMAX Theatre
IMAX Theatre
St Mary's Cathedral
The Hunter Valley
Other countries

Free ads


Free ads in USA

News of our site

Museum of Ancient monuments
Museum of Ancient monuments
Museum of Ancient monuments lions Museum of the oldest monuments of the city located in the church of John the Baptist, whose construction history surrounded by legends of the founder of the city of Prince Leo and ...
Read More 2549 0

 Vasastan Vasastan referred to as "stone city" for the fact that this area was built up between the stone houses. This north-western district was built between 1880 and 1930. The main streets of the quarter - and it ...
Read More 2952 0

Frogmore Frogmore House lies in the tranquil setting of the private Home Park of Windsor Castle. A country residence of various monarchs since the seventeenth century, the house is especially linked to Queen Victoria. ...
Read More 1920 0

Spassky Tower of Moscow Kremlin
Spassky Tower of Moscow Kremlin
Spassky Tower of Moscow Kremlin Everyone who has ever visited the Russian capital Moscow and its very center - Red Square, the famous and admired the Spassky Tower of Moscow Kremlin.  From the history of the Saviour's ...
Read More 4006 0

Glimmingehus slott
Glimmingehus slott
SCANE Glimmingehus slott Castle Glimmingehus (Glimmingehus slott) The castle is located 23 kilometers from the town of Ystad on the highway E65 along the coast. It was built in 1499 a knight Johnsen Ulfstandom and ...
Read More 3065 0