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UPPSALA

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Written by Administrator

Posted on 06 March 2012

Uppsala is located 70 kilometers north-west of Stockholm. This is one of the most picturesque cities in Sweden.

The city center is situated on both banks of the river Fyuris.

Ancient Uppsala originated in what is now northern districts of the city are located.
At the site of a pagan temple in 1050 a church was built of gray stone and brick, in 1164 became the first Swedish Archbishopric.

In the years 1150-1300 in Uppsala erected many churches. The bricks for their buildings were made of clay. Its properties and quality gave rise to the development of pottery.

The first buildings at Uppsala appeared in the 5th century. The city grew and developed, and by the early 13th century, its commercial center shifted to a more convenient place for several kilometers downstream Fyuris, receiving the name of the East Aros.
When in 1245 Uppsala was burned, East Aros inherited the name of the old city.

The city repeatedly suffered from numerous fires, the largest of which was in May 1702 and repeatedly rebuilt, but many historic buildings remain, especially in the western part of town.

Three centuries in the vicinity of Uppsala mined iron ore, which is taken to the villages of metallurgists, where the "Brook" - small steel mills that manufactured high-quality iron, which was exported and used to make weapons. They were located where there were a number of woods and water, needed to work with metal. In these villages, where there is now a museum created, Esterbyubruk, Lovstabruk, Forsmark, can be reached by Highway 290.

In 1477 the city opened a University for 189 years before the famous University of Lund. Creation of Archbishop Jakob Ulfssona, he became the first institution of such high rank in the Scandinavian countries. University has one of the richest libraries in Sweden - "Carolina Rediviva"

UPPSALA

Герб города Уппсала. Швеция


Фото 1. Город Уппсала. Швеция


Фото 2. Город Уппсала. Швеция

 
Фото 3. Город Уппсала. Швеция

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