Squid - a charming resort town in the south-east, on the shores of the Baltic Sea.
In the 13th century, Kalmar has been known as one of the richest cities in Sweden, thanks to trade with the German merchants.
As a market town it originated in the 12th century, before that, in place of Kalmar there was a settlement, as evidenced by archeological finds of the Stone Age.
The city was formed around the castle of Kalmar. The castle is located on the border with Denmark, and at that time served as an outpost of Sweden.
In 1397, the coronation took place in Kalmar Eric the Pomeranian, which was solemnly proclaimed King of Sweden, Norway and Denmark.
Then the signing of "Kalmar Union". This document, which lasted until 1523, effectively united all the Nordic countries under the auspices of Denmark.
In 1611, the Kalmar War broke out between Sweden and Denmark for supremacy in the Baltic Sea and in Scandinavia, it was the darkest times in history.
In the 15th century became the center of Kalmar ship-building country and one of the three major military strongholds of the state.
In the 17th century the city was founded the first textile factories in the country.
The old part of the city for its beauty and antiquity can compete only with the center of Stockholm. In the old town, numerous buildings of the 17th and 18th centuries.